Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Railroad rails, fishplates, bolts, nuts, and washers from railroad tracks leading to Treblinka death camp

Object | Accession Number: 1989.225.2 a-cx

Railroad rails and components from railroad tracks that led to Treblinka killing center in German-occupied Poland. The individual rail segments were connected end to end with fasteners called fishplates (joint bars), which were bolted to internal holes in the rails to secure the tracks together and keep them from moving as trains passed over them. During the Holocaust, the Nazis used the European rail network to transport their victims into the camp system, and eventually to killing centers in German-occupied Poland. Deportation trains were ordered by telegram or telex, and gave the amount and type of cars needed. The actual trains were compiled at the stations from the cars available there. Before each transport left, the railway guard listed all cars by their identification numbers. Few of these lists survived, as they were not kept after a train had reached its destination. Jewish prisoners were packed into railcars, approximately eighty people per car, and were denied food and water. Many deportees died before the trains reached their destinations. Armed guards shot anyone trying to escape. Incoming trains bound for Treblinka first stopped at the Malkinia station. Twenty cars at a time were detached from the train and brought into the killing center. There, the victims were told they had arrived at a transit camp, ordered to disembark, and instructed to hand over their valuables. Between 870,000 and 925,000 Jews were killed at Treblinka, most of them delivered by train.

Date
manufacture:  1910
Geography
manufacture: Osnabrück (Germany)
manufacture: Dortmund (Germany)
acquired: Treblinka (Poland)
manufacture: Katowice (Poland)
Language
German
Classification
Tools and Equipment
Category
Equipment
Genre/Form
Equipment.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Institute of National Remembrance
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2019-07-02 07:32:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn631124