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Theresienstadt armband with prisoner number worn by a liberated German Jewish prisoner

Object | Accession Number: 2018.427.6

Theresienstadt armband worn by Hans Benjamin Marx after liberation in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp and on his journey home between May 8 and June 14, 1945. The Soviet commander in charge of the liberated camp prohibited Judenstern, and instead authorized the released prisoners to wear an armband with their transport number on it. Hans spent most of the war in Frankfurt with his older sister, Claire, and their mother, Elise. Elise was a Protestant, but converted to Judaism before getting married to Hans’s father, Ernest. In November 1938, following the Kristallnacht pogrom, Ernest was arrested and transported to Buchenwald concentration camp. In December, Ernest was released and promised to leave the country within two weeks. He spent the rest of the war in Egypt. Because Hans was a child from a mixed marriage and classified as Geltungsjude, Jewish by law, he was subject to anti-Jewish restrictions beginning in 1935. After eight years of elementary school, 14-year-old Hans became a carpentry apprentice. In January 1945, Hans turned 18 and could no longer be protected by his mother’s Aryan status. On February 14, 1945, he was deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia. As a forced laborer, Hans helped to build an alleged air raid shelter, and tried to sabotage it. On May 8, 1945, the Red Army liberated the camp. In June, Hans returned to Frankfurt and reunited with his mother and sister. They immigrated to the United States on June 6, 1946, and reunited there with his father in 1947.

Date
use:  approximately 1945 May 08-approximately 1945 June 14
Geography
use: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
use: Czech Republic
use: Germany.
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Armbands
Object Type
Armbands (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Armbands.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Judith Marx
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn633655