Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

6.35mm Mauser 1934 pocket pistol acquired by a Yugoslavian partisan

Object | Accession Number: 1993.167.2 a

Mauser 1934 pocket pistol acquired by Lavoslav Kadelburg, while fighting in the Soviet Army against Germany in 1945. Lavoslav disarmed a German officer, likely from the Estonian SS, and kept the pistol. Lavoslav was a lawyer in Zagreb when he was mobilized as a reserve officer in the Royal Yugoslav Army, in order to help defend against the Axis invasion in April 1942. When Yugoslavia surrendered, the army was disbanded, and Lasoslav was captured by the Nazis and taken back to Germany as a prisoner of war. He was held in Osnabrück, a subcamp of Neuengamme concentration camp. There, he became a member of the Antifascist Committee which combatted the cruel treatment of the prisoners by the camp authorities. Later, Lavoslav was transferred to Barkenbrugge camp in Eastern Prussia, near the former Polish border. In January 1945, Barkenbrugge was evacuated before the advancing Soviet Army. Lavoslav escaped with many other prisoners and helped the Soviets fight the Germans. In March 1945, Lavoslav returned to Yugoslavia and joined the Narodnooslobodilački pokret (NOP, People's Liberation Movement). After the war, Lavoslav helped rehabilitate survivors of the Holocaust and served in a number of sociopolitical organizations and top level government positions. Through these roles, he became one of the most influential and powerful figures in the Jewish community of Yugoslavia.

Date
acquired:  1945
Geography
manufacture: Oberndorf am Neckar (Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Weapons
Category
Firearms
Object Type
Mauser pistols (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Handguns.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn7339