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Blue and white striped ribbon bar for a Yugoslavian partisan

Object | Accession Number: 1993.167.5

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    Blue and white striped ribbon bar for a Yugoslavian partisan
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Yugoslav Medalja za Hrabrost (Medal for Bravery) ribbon bar, awarded to Vlaimir Carin in recognition of his service as a partisan during the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1945. The medal was awarded to partisans and civilians for acts of bravery during both peace and wartime. Vladimir was working as a graphic artist in Zagreb when Germany and its allies invaded and occupied Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941. Central Yugoslavia, including Zagreb, was formed into the independent state of Croatia, ruled by the Ustasa. After the invasion, Vladimir fled to Split, where he was captured by the Italians and transported to the island of Korčula. While on Korčula he organized participation in the sabotage detachment of the island’s partisan group. In September 1943, Vladimir joined the narodnooslobodilački vojska (NOV, People's Liberation Army) and fought in the 3rd Overseas Brigade and Partisan detachments in Yugoslavia. After the surrender of Italy, Vladimir was head of the Agitaciene propaganda department and was a Zemaljsko antifašističko vijeće narodnog oslobođenja Hrvatske (ZAVNOH, State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia) war correspondent. After the war he worked as a journalist, film and TV director and a writer.
    Date
    received:  1943 August 15-1991
    Geography
    received: Yugoslavia
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia
    Contributor
    Subject: Vladimir Carin
    Previous owner: Vladimir Carin
    Biography
    Leon Kaiser (later, Vladimir Carin, 1913-?) was born in Nova Gradiska, Austria Hungary to Ludwig and Paula Kaiser. He had one sister, Mira. Before the war Vladimir worked as a graphic artist in Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In 1929, he joined the Savez komunističke omladine Jugoslavije (SKOJ, League of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia). On April 6, 1941, Germany and Italy, supported by Hungary and Bulgaria, invaded Yugoslavia. The country was partitioned, and central Yugoslavia was formed into the independent State of Croatia, which was governed by the Ustaše and administered by the Germans. The regime enacted anti-Jewish laws, confiscated property and money, forced males to work hard labor and then began deporting Jews to camps.

    After the invasion, Vladimir fled to Split in the Italian occupied zone, where he was captured by the Italians and transported to the island of Korčula. While on Korčula he organized participation in the sabotage detachment of the island’s partisan group. Vladimir joined the narodnooslobodilački vojska (NOV, People's Liberation Army) and fought in the 3rd Overseas Brigade and Partisan detachments in Yugoslavia. After the surrender of Italy, Vladimir was head of the Agitaciene propaganda department and was a Zemaljsko antifašističko vijeće narodnog oslobođenja Hrvatske (ZAVNOH, State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia) war correspondent. After the war he worked as a journalist, film and TV director and a writer. Vladimir was married twice, first to Ljubinka Pavlovic, and then to Mira Kaiser.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Military Insignia
    Category
    Medals
    Physical Description
    Gold, metal bar pin with crimped sides. The pin is covered with a blue grosgrain ribbon with four, evenly spaced, vertical white stripes. On the back, a plate with a safety clasp pin is attached.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 0.375 inches (0.953 cm) | Width: 1.375 inches (3.493 cm) | Depth: 0.125 inches (0.318 cm)
    Materials
    overall : metal, cloth

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Yugoslavia.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The ribbon bar was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1993 by the Federation of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-31 14:24:07
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn7343

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