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Damask pillow sham with a pink monogram and eyelet whitework recovered postwar by Hungarian Jewish sisters

Object | Accession Number: 2013.311.3

Embroidered pillowcase owned by Terez Gruenberger, that was recovered by her sister Miriam after the war. It was made by their mother Roszi and has the initials AL. This and other family valuables were entrusted to a neighbor in Munkacs, Hungary (Mukecheve, Ukraine) before the family was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center. Terez lived with Roszi, Miriam, her maternal grandparents, Ludvik and Zeni Gruenberger, and her adopted brother, in Mukecheve when it was annexed by Hungary and renamed Munkacs. In March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary. In April, Terez and her family were moved into a Jewish ghetto. In May, they were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where 23 year old Terez and 21 year old Miriam were selected for labor. Their mother, grandparents, and adopted brother Shmuel were killed in the gas chambers. In November, Terez and Miriam were deported to Torgau slave labor camp in Germany. Terez was assigned prisoner number 46077 and Miriam number 46076. In April 1945, Terez and Miriam were liberated by British forces. In 1946, Terez married a fellow survivor, Jakob Mermelstein, and Miriam married Geza Rozner,a survivor from Munkacs. They lived in Gabersee displaced persons camp in Germany. Terez and Jakob emigrated to the US in 1948. Miriam and Geza went to Israel.

recovered:  approximately 1945 June
recovery: Munkacs (Hungary) (historic); Mukacheve (Ukraine)
Furnishings and Furniture
Household linens
Object Type
Pillow shams (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theresa Gruenberger Mermelstein
Record last modified: 2022-08-15 08:46:22
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