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White armband embroidered with prisoner number worn by a Hungarian slave laborer

Object | Accession Number: 2013.311.2

White cloth armband owned by Terez Gruenberger, which was worn by her younger sister Miriam, 21, when both were imprisoned in Torgau slave labor camp from November 1944 to April 1945. It is embroidered with Ung H. for Hungarian and 46076, Miriam's prisoner number; Terez was 46077. In November 1938, Hungary annexed part of Czechoslovakia, including Munkacs (Mukacheve, Ukraine) where Terez and Miriam lived with their mother, Roszi and their maternal grandparents, Ludvik and Zeni Gruenberger. Miriam went to Budapest in 1940 and, in 1943, was sent to Csepel labor camp. In March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary. In May, Terez and her family were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where 23 year old Terez was selected for labor. Their mother, grandparents, and adopted brother Shmuel were killed in the gas chambers. Miriam had been deported from Csepel to Birkenau in May and the sisters were reunited in the camp. In November, they were deported to Torgau slave labor camp in Germany. In April 1945, Terez and Miriam were liberated by Allied forces. They were repatriated to Czechoslovakia. Miriam returned to Munkacs and was able to recover some family belongings, but was told she was not welcome. Terez and her husband emigrated to New York in 1948. Miriam and her husband left for Israel in 1949.

use:  approximately 1944 November-1945 April
use: Torgau (Concentration camp); Torgau (Germany)
Identifying Artifacts
Object Type
Armbands (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theresa Gruenberger Mermelstein
Record last modified: 2022-08-15 08:49:13
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