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Oral history interview with Hannah Rath

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.37.21 | RG Number: RG-50.765.0021

Hannah Lenschitzki Rath, born in 1922 and raised in Halberstadt, Germany, describes the large Jewish community in her small town; her family and the death of her father when she was three years old; attending Jewish schools; how things began to change in 1933 with the rise of the Nazi Party; her brother’s immigration to the United States in 1938; how her family moved to Hanover, Germany in 1934; being forced to attend a Jewish school; Kristallnacht; being sent with her family to a ghetto in Riga, Latvia in 1941; how the ghetto prisoners were taken to Kaiserwald in 1943; being forced to shower and have her hair shaved; being separated from her mother; working in a cable factory outside the camp; how beatings were a daily occurrence and she and her friend watched out for one another; how occasionally an SS guard gave them extra bread; being moved by boat to Stutthof and improvising a Yom Kippur service; how in 1945 the Nazi guards deserted their posts; recovering in a Polish hospital; returning to her home town and finding that only 30 Jews of the 1,000 in the town had survived; how the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) helped her go to the United States in 1945; and meeting her future husband during the voyage.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Hannah H. Rath
interview:  2005 April 14
1 DVD : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Congregation Shaarey Tikvah, Beachwood, Ohio
Record last modified: 2020-07-27 15:22:21
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