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Annette Fry papers

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.68.178

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    The Annette Fry papers primarily consist of photographic materials and correspondence documenting Varian Fry’s work for the Emergency Rescue Committee in France, some of the artists and intellectuals he aided, and travels around Europe.

    Photographic materials include prints, slides, negatives, and contact sheets depicting Eileen and Varian Fry, Andre Breton, Marc Chagall, Hans and Carmen Namuth, and scenes at Villa Airbel and in Marseilles, Italy, Portugal, England, and Spain. A set of annotated photographs include pictures of Varian Fry, his staff, Andre and Jacqueline Breton, Daniel Benedite, Andre Masson, Max Ernst, Jean Gemahling, and Consuelo de Saint-Exupéry. Some of the photographs are by Ylla or by Varian Fry.

    Correspondence includes a 1940 postcard from Varian Fry to his mother on his way to Marseilles, a photocopy of a 1941 postcard from Victor Brauner to Varian Fry, a 1967 illustrated letter from Bil Spira to Varian Fry, a 1967 letter from Miriam Davenport to Annette Fry, and a 1968 letter to the publisher of the paperback edition of Fry’s book.

    The collection also contains Varian Fry’s 1958 address book, a book jacket from a hardback copy of Varian Fry’s Surrender on Demand, four photostats of etchings by Max Ernst, and a notebook containing notes about photographs taken in Germany as well as museums, artwork, and tourist sites in Europe.
    inclusive:  circa 1940-1968
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Annette Fry, Sylvia Varian Fry, and James Duncan Fry
    Collection Creator
    Annette Fry
    Annette Fry (nee Riley) met Varian Fry (1907-1967) in the late 1940s. The two were married in 1950 and had three children. Varian Fry had represented the Emergency Rescue Committee in Marseilles in 1940-1941, aiding Jewish and non-Jewish antifascist refugees escape to safety through his legal French relief organization, the American Relief Center (Secours Américain).

    Physical Details

    English French
    1 box
    1 oversize folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Annette Fry papers are arranged as six series: I. Photographs, approximately 1940s, II. Correspondence, 1940-1968, III. Address book, 1958, IV. Book jacket, 1945, V. Etchings, approximately 1940s

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Marseille (France)
    Personal Name
    Fry, Varian, 1907-1967.

    Administrative Notes

    Annette Fry donated the Annette Fry papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1997.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-24 15:16:04
    This page:

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