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Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 1 mark note

Object | Accession Number: 1993.50.11

1 [eine] mark Łódź Ghetto note acquired by Raul Hilberg, a renowned scholar, who published the first comprehensive study of the Holocaust and initiated the academic study of the Holocaust. Hilberg and his parents fled Vienna, Austria, after its annexation by Germany in March 1938. Almost all of his family members in Europe were murdered during the Holocaust. Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939. The Germans renamed it Litzmannstadt and confined the Jewish population to a ghetto. The Jewish Council was ordered to create a system of Quittungen [receipts] for use only in the ghetto. It was issued in 7 denominations: 50 pfenning, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 marks, and as coins, but there was little to exchange it for in the ghetto. In January 1942, half the residents were murdered at Chelmno killing center. In summer 1944, Łódź, the last ghetto in Poland, was destroyed and the remaining Jews were sent to Chelmno and Auschwitz-Birkenau killing centers.

issue:  1940 May 15
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Raul Hilberg
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:22:19
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