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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 50 kronen note, acquired by Czech refugee

Object | Accession Number: 1993.50.12

50 (funfzig) mark Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp note given to Raul Hilberg by Frank Petschek, who, with his wife, as well as the extended Petschek family, had to flee Czechoslovakia after its annexation by Nazi Germany in fall 1938. After the war, the confiscation of the Petschek family's vast business and land holdings by the Nazi regime were used for a major case in the War Criminals trials at Nuremberg. Hilberg and his parents fled Vienna, Austria, after its annexation by Germany in March 1938. It was Petschek's generosity that made possible the publication of Hilberg's landmark work, Destruction of the European Jews, in 1961, a foundational and authoritative study of the Holocaust. The scrip was issued in Theresienstadt in German occupied Czechoslovakia beginning in May 1943. Inmates were not allowed to have currency and the SS ordered the Jewish Council to design scrip for use only in the camp. It was issued to create a false appearance of normalcy and as an incentive for forced labor. There was little to obtain with the scrip. Notes were printed in 7 denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100. The camp was in operation from November 24, 1941, until early May 1945. Approximately 140,000 Jewish men, women, and children were transferred to Theresienstadt; nearly 90,000 were then deported, likely to their death further east. About 33,000 Jews died in Theresienstadt.

issue:  1943 January 01
issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Raul Hilberg
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:29:11
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