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Nazi Germany, 5 mark note, acquired by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2013.442.25

Five mark German bank note acquired by Captain James Edward Kirkebo, who served in the US Army from 1940-1945, and fought in Europe from December 1944-May 1945. Kirkebo, age 19, enlisted in the Army in September 1940. In August 1942, 2nd Lieutenant Kirkebo became commanding officer, C Company, 21st Armored Infantry Battalion, 11th Armored Division. In early December 1944, Kirkebo's unit landed in Normandy, and defended Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge. The 11th Armored spearheaded the Allied advance into Germany and pushed through to Austria. Kirkebo received a battlefield promotion to captain on February 1, 1945. On May 5 and 6, soldiers from the 11th Armored Division liberated Gusen and Mauthausen concentration camps. At Mauthausen, they discovered over 19,000 starving inmates, many in need of immediate medical care. The unit was tasked with caring for the inmates and improving camp conditions. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered. Kirkebo was on occupational duty until early October when he returned to the US. Kirkebo was awarded a Silver Star and Bronze Star for his heroism and leadership in action.

issue:  after 1939 June 15-before 1942 August 01
issue: Berlin (Germany)
Exchange Media
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of James Edward Kirkebo
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:28:25
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