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Hand stamp, European Executive Council of the American Joint Distribution Committee, used by a council member

Object | Accession Number: 2013.303.2

Rubber hand stamp used by Gaston Kahn in Paris, France, from 1945 to 1946, when he served on the European Executive Council of the American Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC.) From 1936, Gaston was the Director of the Comite d'Assistance Aux Refugies (CAR), an affiliate of the AJDC. In 1939, he assisted the refugees from the Ms. St. Louis, after its forced return from Cuba. After Germany invaded France in May 1940, Gaston, his wife Jeanne, Danny-Claude, age 14, and Marcel-Francis, age 10, fled Paris for Limoges. In November 1941, Gaston was asked by a Vichy official to direct the Union Generale Des Israelites De France (UGIF), a Jewish aid organization pressured to collaborate with French and German authorities. In November 1942, the Germans occupied southeastern France and efforts to deport Jews to concentration camps intensified. Gaston moved his family to Gap, which was under Italian administration. In August 1943, Gaston was made director of UGIF South, after the previous director Lambert and his family were sent to Auschwitz. Kahn was forced to make difficult decisions about collaboration versus resistance towards the Germans. He sent his family to Chauffayer en Champsaur, a resistance stronghold and moved to Marseille. In December 1943, he learned that the Gestapo planned to arrest him and fled, joining his family in Champsaur. Gaston and Marcel-Francis both became active in the resistance. Allied Forces landed in Normandy in June 1944 and the region here the Kahn's were living was liberated that August. The war in Europe ended when Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. The Kahn family returned to Paris and Gaston continued his aid work. Gaston was awarded the Medal of the Resistance in 1946 and the Legion of Honor in 1962.

Date
1945-1946  (use)
Geography
use : Paris (France)
Language
English
Category
Marking devices
Object Type
Rubber stamps (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dr. Marcel-Francis Kahn
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:08:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn85875