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Nazi Party pin for Labor Day 1936 found by Zaro Calabrese

Object | Accession Number: 1995.124.11

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    Nazi Party pin for Labor Day 1936 found by Zaro Calabrese

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    Brief Narrative
    Nazi Party Labor Day (Tag der Arbeit) 1936 pin acquired by Zaro Calabrese, an American soldier, in Europe during World War II (1939- 1945). Labor Day (also known as May Day) takes place on May 1 to celebrate laborers and the working classes. In April 1933, after the Nazi party took control of the German government, May 1 was appropriated as the “Day of National Work,” with all celebrations organized by the government. On May 2, the Nazi party banned all independent trade-unions, bringing them under state control of the German Labor Front. This style of mass-produced, die-struck metal pin is often referred to colloquially as a tinnie.
    commemoration:  1936 May 01
    issue:  1936
    manufacture: Saarlouis (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Zaro Calabrese
    front, upper left, raised : 1.Mai / 1936 [1 May 1936]
    front, lower left, raised : R/ K [Richard Klein]
    back, lower center, embossed : WERNER REDO / SAARLAUTERN
    Subject: Zaro Calabrese
    Issuer: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei
    Manufacturer: Werner Redo
    Designer: Richard Klein
    Rosario "Zaro" Calabrese served as a member of the 3rd US Cavalry Group, which was attached to the 4th Armored Division of the US Army. The 4th Division landed at Utah Beach in Normandy on July 11, 1944 and entered combat in France. They played a significant role in the breakout from the Normandy beachhead and the liberation of France in 1944, and then fought their way through Germany. On April 4, 1945, they liberated Ohrdruf concentration camp, a subcamp of Buchenwald, the first concentration camp to be liberated by American troops. General Eisenhower visited the camp on April 12. When Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945, the Division was in Czechoslovakia. The 4th was placed on occupation duty until inactivated on April 26, 1946. Zaro settled in New Jersey.

    Physical Details

    Identifying Artifacts
    Object Type
    Lapel pins (aat)
    Physical Description
    Circular, silver-colored, die-struck, metal pin with a raised design depicting a plow to the left of a vertical hammer and sword. Slightly below these is a smaller Parteiadler, a stylized eagle with its head turned to the right, holding in its claws a wreath with a canted swastika at the center. On the front, there is German text and a maker’s mark. On the back, a horizontal pin is fixed to the center above lines of manufacturer’s information. The pin may be made from an aluminum alloy with a silver-washed surface.
    overall: | Depth: 0.250 inches (0.635 cm) | Diameter: 1.375 inches (3.493 cm)
    overall : metal

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name

    Administrative Notes

    The lapel pin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum by Zaro Calabrese in 1995.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-22 11:36:34
    This page:

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