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Metal teaspoon recovered from Chelmno killing center

Object | Accession Number: 1989.308.21

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    Metal teaspoon recovered from Chelmno killing center

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    Brief Narrative
    Metal teaspoon, likely recovered from a temporary pit furnace at Chelmno killing center in German-occupied Poland, during an archaeological excavation in 1986 and 1987. Killing operations at Chelmno commenced on December 8, 1941. Prisoners were taken to a camp at a manor house (Schlosslager) in the village to undress and relinquish their valuables. They were then loaded into a gas van where they were killed. The van was then driven 2.5 miles northwest of the village to a camp in the Rzuchowski forest (Waldlager), where the bodies were dumped into mass graves. The large number of corpses created a threat of disease and discovery by Allied forces, so the bodies were exhumed and burned in seven primitive pit furnaces. In the fall of 1942, the furnaces were replaced with two open-air crematoria consisting of concrete foundations topped by a grate of train rails. In March 1943, transports to Chelmno stopped, and the manor house and open-air crematoria in the forest were demolished. Deportations to Chelmno resumed from June to July 1944, to facilitate the liquidation of the Łódź ghetto. In this second phase, the entire killing process was carried out in the forest camp (Waldlager), necessitating the construction of new buildings. The Germans abandoned the camp on January 17, 1945, having killed over 172,000 people. The excavations of 1986-87, and later work have identified additional furnaces, crematoria, and mass graves at the site.
    use:  before 1942 September
    recovered:  1986-1987
    recovery: Chelmno (Concentration camp); Chełmno (Koło, Poland)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Muzeum Okręgowe w Koninie
    back, stem, impressed : [illegible]

    Physical Details

    Household Utensils
    Physical Description
    Corroded, metal, spoon, with an oval-shaped bowl and a flat, narrow, metal stem connected to the wide end. The stem has incised lines along the edges and widens as it nears the handle, which ends in a lobed shape. The back of the bowl bends upwards, projecting the stem at a 90-degree angle, which twists and bends at another 90-degree angle near where the stem meets the handle. The thin edges of the bowl are bent and chipped. A heavy green and brown corrosion covers the entire surface of the spoon with white accretions inside the bowl. There is an impressed text marking on the back of the stem.
    overall: Height: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm) | Width: 2.375 inches (6.032 cm) | Depth: 4.125 inches (10.477 cm)
    overall : metal

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The teaspoon was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by the Muzeum Okręgowe w Koninie.
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-12 10:52:38
    This page:

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