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Map of the former extermination camp at Chelmno compiled by archaeologists excavating the site

Object | Accession Number: 1989.308.32

Hand-colored printed map of the forest camp of Chelmno killing center in German-occupied Poland, produced following archaeological excavations in 1986 and 1987. Killing operations at Chelmno were split between two locations, a manor house (Schlosslager) in the village and a camp in the Rzuchowski forest (Waldlager) 2.5 miles northwest of the village. The large number of corpses created a threat of disease and discovery by Allied forces, so the bodies were exhumed and burned in seven primitive pit furnaces. In the fall of 1942, the furnaces were replaced with two open-air crematoria consisting of concrete foundations topped by a grate of train rails. In March 1943, the manor house and open-air crematoria in the forest were demolished. Killing operations at Chelmno resumed from June to July 1944, and were carried out entirely in the forest camp, necessitating the construction of new buildings. The Germans abandoned the camp on January 17, 1945, having killed over 172,000 people. The map is a compilation of information from field photos taken in in 1958 and 1979; maps drawn in 1951, 1961, and 1987; and oral information from 1989. It identifies features found through archaeological excavations between 1951 and 1989. The excavations of 1986-87, and later work have identified additional furnaces, crematoria, and mass graves at the site.

Alternate Title
PLAN BYŁEGO OBOZU ZAGŁADY w CHEŁMNIE NAD NEREM
MAP OF THE FORMER EXTERMINATION CAMP IN CHELMNO ON THE NER
Date
creation:  1989
depiction:  1986-1989
Geography
depiction: Chelmno (Concentration camp); Chełmno (Konin, Poland)
creation: Muzeum Okre̦gowe w Koninie; Konin (Poland : Voivodeship)
Language
Polish
Classification
Information Forms
Category
Maps
Object Type
Maps (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Site plans.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Muzeum Okręgowe w Koninie
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:06
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1096