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Embroidered purple tallit bag used by two Hungarian rabbis

Object | Accession Number: 1990.245.6 a

Embroidered tallit bag, given to Rabbi Simon Hevesi in 1923 and later used by his son Rabbi Ferenc Hevesi, after his death in 1943. Simon became a rabbi in Budapest’s Dohány Street synagogue in 1905. He became a leader in the community and was elected chief rabbi of Hungary in 1927. In 1930, Simon’s son, Ferenc, moved to Budapest with his wife and daughter, and also became a rabbi at the Dohány synagogue. During his tenure in Budapest, Simon founded or served as a board member of numerous institutions and organizations, and was a prolific writer and editor of Jewish scholarly works. When Simon died in 1943, Ferenc and a colleague succeeded him as co-chief rabbis. Hungary was allied with Germany, but when the Hungarian government began seeking a ceasefire with the Allies, the German army occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944. When the radically antisemitic, German-backed Arrow Cross Party took control of the government on October 15, Eva and her family went into hiding. The section of the city they were in was liberated by the Soviet army on January 16, 1945. Ferenc became a chaplain for the Hungarian army, and returned to his former rabbinical duties. In the fall of 1946, Ferenc traveled to England and the United States, where he Anglicized his name to Francis. He gave speeches on behalf of the Hungarian Jewry, and presided over his daughter’s religious wedding ceremony in New York City. Before he and his wife could return home, they were warned that Francis would be persecuted. They stayed in the US where Francis became rabbi for a succession of congregations in Georgia and Hawaii.

Date
received:  1923 December 06
use:  1923 December 06-1952 March 29
Geography
use: Budapest (Hungary)
use: New York (N.Y.)
use: Honolulu (Hawaii)
Language
Hungarian
Hebrew
Classification
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tallith bags (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Ceremonial objects.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Eva Ehrlich
 
Record last modified: 2021-09-13 11:41:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3334