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Black yarmulke worn by a Hungarian rabbi

Object | Accession Number: 1990.245.8

Black yarmulke owned by Rabbi Simon Hevesi, likely acquired in 1939, when he traveled to the United States to receive an honorary doctorate from the Jewish Theological Society of America. A yarmulke is a skullcap worn by observant Jewish males. Simon Handler became an ordained rabbi in 1894, and was appointed chief rabbi in Kassa, Hungary (now Košice, Slovakia) followed by Lugos (now Lugoj, Romania) in 1897. As part of a pilgrimage study trip to Palestine, Simon met the leaders of the Jewish community in Budapest. At their invitation, Simon moved with his wife and five children to Budapest in 1905 and changed their last name to Hevesi. As a rabbi in the Dohány Street synagogue, Simon became a leader in the community, was a beloved speaker, and held a professorship in oratory at the Rabbinical Institute. He was elected chief rabbi of Hungary in 1927 and became president of the National Rabbinical Association. In 1930, Simon’s son, Ferenc, moved to Budapest with his wife and daughter, and also became a rabbi at the Dohány synagogue. In 1939, Simon traveled to the United States, and was given an honorary doctorate by the Jewish Theological Society of America. During his tenure in Budapest, Simon founded or served as a board member of numerous institutions and organizations, and was a prolific writer and editor of Jewish scholarly works. When Simon died in 1943, Ferenc and a colleague succeeded him as co-chief rabbis.

use:  before 1943
received:  approximately 1939
manufacture: United States
use: Hungary
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Yarmulkes (lcsh)
Ceremonial objects.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Eva Ehrlich
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:32:36
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