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Set of tefillin with a green pouch worn by a Hungarian rabbi

Object | Accession Number: 1990.245.9 a-c

Pair of tefillin and pouch owned by Rabbi Simon Hevesi, and later used by his son, Rabbi Ferenc Hevesi. Simon served as chief rabbi of Hungary between 1927 and 1943. Tefillin are small boxes containing prayers attached to leather straps and worn by Orthodox Jewish males during morning prayers. Simon Handler became an ordained rabbi in 1894, and was appointed chief rabbi in Kassa, Hungary (now Košice, Slovakia) followed by Lugos (now Lugoj, Romania) in 1897. As part of a pilgrimage study trip to Palestine, Simon met the leaders of the Jewish community in Budapest. At their invitation, Simon moved with his wife and five children to Budapest in 1905 and changed their last name to Hevesi. As a rabbi in the Dohány Street synagogue, Simon became a leader in the community, was a beloved speaker, and held a professorship in oratory at the Rabbinical Institute. He was elected chief rabbi of Hungary in 1927 and became president of the National Rabbinical Association. In 1930, Simon’s son, Ferenc, moved to Budapest with his wife and daughter, and also became a rabbi at the Dohány synagogue. In 1939, Simon traveled to the United States, and was given an honorary doctorate by the Jewish Theological Society of America. During his tenure in Budapest, Simon founded or served as a board member of numerous institutions and organizations, and was a prolific writer and editor of Jewish scholarly works. When Simon died in 1943, Ferenc and a colleague succeeded him as co-chief rabbis.

use:  before 1952
use: Hungary
use: United States
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin (lcsh)
Ceremonial objects.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Eva Ehrlich
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:32:36
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