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Medical bag used to hold anthropological instruments

Object | Accession Number: 1990.272.1

Bag holding two calipers and two pencils. Traditionally, these instruments were used to determine fatherhood or "Vatershaftsgutachten" in questionable cases (prior to the advent of blood tests for this purpose). They were used, during the Third Reich, by doctors, anthropologists and genticists, for the Eugenics movement. These instruments were used to measure body parts, facial features, cranial size, eye-, skin-, and hair color of various races. Results of such measurements were suppossed to prove the "superiority of aryans" and the "inferiority" of Jews, Roma, Blacks and "mixed-breeds."

Object Type
Doctor's bags (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Institut fur Humangenetik der Universtat
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:55
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