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Pencil from medical bag containing anthropological instruments

Object | Accession Number: 1990.272.1.3

Traditionally, these instruments were used to determine fatherhood or "Vaterschaftsgutachten" in questionable cases (prior to the advent of blood tests for this purpose). They were used during the Third Reich by doctors, anthropologists and geneticists for the eugenics movement. These instruments were used to measure body parts, facial features, cranial size, eye-, skin- and hair color of various races. Results of such measurements were supposed to prove the "superiority of aryans" and the "inferiority" of Jews, Roma, Blacks and "mixed-breeds."

Object Type
Pencils (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Institut fur Humangenetik der Universtat
Record last modified: 2020-03-16 15:00:05
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