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Ross Baker collection

Document | Accession Number: 2006.265.1

The collection was gathered by Ross Baker and his family while living in Austria and documents the Anschluss in 1938, the treatment of Jews, and the family’s experiences as a non-Jewish American family living in Vienna in the late 1930s. The collection includes a diary written by Helen Baker; letters written by Baker family members; leaflets, newspapers, and magazines relating to the Anschluss; US Coast Guard photographs of Cherbourg and the invasion at Normandy; liberation photographs of Ebensee; and a document specifying that the Baker family owed no taxes or fees and could leave the country. The green markings throughout the collection were made by Stanley Baker, Ross Baker’s son, when he used the material for presentations and teaching.

The Baker family series includes correspondence mainly from Helen to family members including her mother, and between Stanley and his parents, Helen and Ross, as well as a document specifying that the Baker family owed no taxes or fees and can leave the country. The diary, written by Helen Baker in 1933 and from 1937-1938, documents her experience mainly in Austria in 1938. In her entries she writes vividly of the chaos in the streets, the overwhelming amount of propaganda disseminated in the run up to the April vote, the distress of her Jewish acquaintances, and the treatment of Jews. She also writes about visiting the central cemetery in Vienna and seeing the alarming number of new graves in the Jewish section and of her visits to several Jewish shops guarded by Nazis to see if she will be allowed to enter.

Printed material was collected by Ross and his family while living in Austria and includes mainly newspapers, clippings, and magazines related to the Anschluss and the war in general. Newspapers and clippings are dated March and April 1938. Leaflets, booklets, and a broadside relate to rallies, calls for donations, and other propaganda.

Photographs consist of US Coast Guard photographs of Cherbourg and the invasion at Normandy and an album page which includes liberation photographs of Ebensee and information relating to Stanley’s experience and service in WWII.

Date
inclusive:  1933-2005
bulk:  1933-1938
Extent
1 box
2 oversize boxes
4 oversize folders
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Stanley A. Baker
 
Record last modified: 2019-12-31 08:10:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn38391