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Toy Nazi SA figurine in a brown uniform with swastika armband acquired by a US family in Vienna

Object | Accession Number: 2006.265.4

Brown uniformed Nazi SA toy figure acquired by the sons of Ross and Helen Baker in prewar Vienna, Austria. Brownshirts or Storm Troopers were members of the SA [Stormabeiltung], a Nazi Party paramilitary organization whose violent intimidation tactics were key to Hitler's rise to power. The toy was one of a series of Nazi themed figurines created by O. & M. Hausser in the 1930s. Ross was a chemist and professor at the City University of New York. In 1937, he received a sabbatical to study at the University of Vienna and moved there with his wife and five sons. During this time, the family witnessed many historic events, such as the Anschluss and its aftermath in Vienna, visits by Hitler and other German officials, and the defacement and boycotting of Jewish businesses. On March 12, 1938, German troops marched into Austria and, the next day, Austria was incorporated into Nazi Germany. The Germans enacted anti-Jewish laws immediately. On April 10, there was a vote on the merger and 99% of the population voted Yes in support of Hitler as Fuhrer. Jews were among those who had been stripped of their rights as citizens, including the right to vote.

received:  1937-1938
manufacture: Stuttgart (Germany)
received: Vienna (Austria)
Object Type
Character toys (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Stanley A. Baker
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 17:50:43
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