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Toy Nazi SS figurine in a black uniform with swastika armband acquired by a US family in Vienna

Object | Accession Number: 2006.265.5

Black uniformed Nazi SS toy figure acquired for the sons of Ross and Helen Baker in prewar Vienna, Austria. Black shirts were worn by the SS [Schutz Staffel] after 1932. The SS was a police and military organization in charge of Security in the Third Reich. The toy was one of a series of Nazi themed figurines created by O. & M. Hausser in the 1930s. Ross was a chemist and professor at the City University of New York. In 1937, he received a sabbatical leave to study at the University of Vienna and moved there with his wife and five sons. During this time, the family witnessed many historic events, such as the Anschluss and its aftermath in Vienna, visits by Hitler and other German officials, and the defacement and boycotting of Jewish businesses. On March 12, 1938, German troops marched into Vienna and, the next day, Austria was incorporated into Nazi Germany. The German enacted anti-Jewish laws immediately. On April 10, there was a popular vote on the merger and 99% of the population voted Yes in support of Hitler as Fuhrer. Jews were among those who had already been stripped of their rights as citizens, including the right to vote.

Date
1937-1938  (received)
Geography
manufacture : Stuttgart (Germany)
received : Vienna (Austria)
Classification
Toys
Object Type
Character toys (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Stanley A. Baker
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:09:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn38396