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Portrait photograph by Judy Glickman of Danish fisherman who hid and ferried Jews to safety

Object | Accession Number: 2010.206.11

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    Portrait photograph by Judy Glickman of Danish fisherman who hid and ferried Jews to safety

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Black and white photographic print taken by Judy Glickman in 1992 of Jens Moller, a Danish fisherman and rescuer. Jens met a large group of Jews at the train station and brought an old couple and young couple with twins home. Neighbors brought food and it was 3 days before Jens found a boat that could transport them. He continued to rescue Jews and transport them on his own boat. Germany occupied Denmark on April 9, 1940, but allowed the Danish government to retain control of domestic affairs. Jews were not molested and the German presence was limited. After the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in 1941 and began to face military setbacks, a Danish resistance movement developed. On August 29, 1943, the Germans declared martial law and began to address the Jewish problem. A mass deportation was scheduled for October 1. The plan was leaked and, the night before the action, Danish citizens organized a large scale rescue effort and ferried 7000 people, nearly all the Jews in Denmark, to neutral Sweden.
    Artwork Title
    Jens Moller with bike
    Date
    creation:  1992
    Geography
    creation: Denmark
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Judith Ellis Glickman
    Contributor
    Subject: Jens Moller
    Photographer: Judy E. Glickman
    Subject: Judy E. Glickman
    Biography
    Jens Moller was a Danish fisherman from Gilleleje, Denmark. The Germans occupied Denmark on April 9, 1940, but the Danish government was allowed to continue to control domestic affairs. In October 1943, information that the Germans were preparing to deport all the Jews in Denmark to concentration camps was leaked. Ordinary Danish citizens and resistance groups organized rescue efforts to hide and transport Jews to Sweden. Gilleleje was a large fishing harbor on the northernmost part of Zealand, Denmark (Zeeland, Netherlands) with train connections to Copenhagen. Jens and his family provided a place to hide for several Jews until rescue boats became available. Jens also ferried Jews across the Oresund (The Sound, Denmark and Sweden) in his own boat. Nearly every Jew in Denmark was taken to safety in Sweden. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered to the Allied Forces and withdrew from Denmark.
    Judy Ellis Glickman is a photographer and the daughter of Dr. Irving Bennett and Louise Ellis. Her father was a noted CAlifornia pictorialist photographer in the 1930s and 1940s. She pursued photography at a young age and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1959 from the University of California at Los Angeles. She studied photography at UCLA from 1978-1985, the Maine Photographic Workshop from 1978-87, and the Portland School of Art from 1984-1985. Her grandparents emigrated to the United States at the turn of the 20th century, and her mother and grandmother in 1914. Though not a child of a Holocaust survivor, it was while visiting concentration camps in Poland in 1988 that she began to wonder how many unknown family members perished. During this trip, the work became more personal, real, and meaningful to her. She returns to Europe every year to visit and photograph Holocaust sites. She was asked by the Thanks to Scandinavia Foundation to create a photographic narrative documenting the Danish rescue effort. She has exhibited extensively and won numerous awards. Both her sons are rabbis. She is on the board of the Portland Museum of Art in Maine and is a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society in England.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Photographs
    Physical Description
    Black and white gelatin silver photographic print, portrait orientation, long shot, shot in direct light, depicting an older, white male with short white hair wearing a Breton cap, standing behind his bicycle on a dock. He looks towards the right, past the viewer, and has deep lines around his mouth and nose. He is dressed in Standard overalls over a black knit, turtleneck sweater. There is a wooden pier on the left and fishing boats crowded in the background. The print is attached to a top hinged mat board with photo corners on the backboard. Pencil stop lines are on the reverse of the window mat.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 17.000 inches (43.18 cm) | Width: 13.500 inches (34.29 cm)
    pictorial area: Height: 9.380 inches (23.825 cm) | Width: 6.380 inches (16.205 cm)
    Materials
    overall : mat board, gelatin silver print, pressure-sensitive tape, plastic, adhesive, graphite

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Donor retains copyright for this collection.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The photograph was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Judith Ellis Glickman.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:26:25
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn41829

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