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Portrait photograph by Judy Glickman of Jewish woman rescued by Danes

Object | Accession Number: 2010.206.13

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    Portrait photograph by Judy Glickman of Jewish woman rescued by Danes

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    Brief Narrative
    Black and white photographic print taken by Judy Glickman in 1992 of Susse Pundik, a Danish Jew who escaped Denmark with her family. Resistance members organized the escape of 14 year old Susse, her parents, and maternal grandparents to a fishing village where they waited for a boat. As daylight approached, they were informed that there was not enough room for everyone. Susse and her parents boarded the boat and her grandparents followed in another soon after. Germany occupied Denmark on April 9, 1940, but allowed the Danish government to retain control of domestic affairs. Jews were not molested and the German presence was limited. After the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in 1941 and began to face military setbacks, a Danish resistance movement developed. On August 29, 1943, the Germans declared martial law and began to address the Jewish problem. A mass deportation was scheduled for October 1. The plan was leaked and Danish citizens organized a large scale rescue effort to hide the Jews and, by the eve of the deportation, had ferried 7000 people, nearly all the Jews in Denmark, to neutral Sweden.
    Artwork Title
    Susse Pundik
    creation:  1992
    creation: Denmark
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Judith Ellis Glickman
    Photographer: Judy E. Glickman
    Subject: Judy E. Glickman
    Subject: Susse Pundik
    Judy Ellis Glickman is a photographer and the daughter of Dr. Irving Bennett and Louise Ellis. Her father was a noted CAlifornia pictorialist photographer in the 1930s and 1940s. She pursued photography at a young age and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1959 from the University of California at Los Angeles. She studied photography at UCLA from 1978-1985, the Maine Photographic Workshop from 1978-87, and the Portland School of Art from 1984-1985. Her grandparents emigrated to the United States at the turn of the 20th century, and her mother and grandmother in 1914. Though not a child of a Holocaust survivor, it was while visiting concentration camps in Poland in 1988 that she began to wonder how many unknown family members perished. During this trip, the work became more personal, real, and meaningful to her. She returns to Europe every year to visit and photograph Holocaust sites. She was asked by the Thanks to Scandinavia Foundation to create a photographic narrative documenting the Danish rescue effort. She has exhibited extensively and won numerous awards. Both her sons are rabbis. She is on the board of the Portland Museum of Art in Maine and is a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society in England.
    Herbert Nachum Pundik was born into a Jewish family on September 23, 1927, in Copenhagen, Denmark. His father, Mendel, was born in 1898 and his mother, Eva, was born in 1903. On April 9, 1940, the Germans invaded Denmark. Life changed little for the Danes under the occupation; the Germans permitted them to retain control of domestic affairs and did not impose restrictions on the Jewish populace. On August 29, 1943, in response to increasing sabotage and violent acts of resistance against the occupation, Germany declared martial law. Herbert joined the resistance movement.
    Herbert was in French class at the Metropolitan School on September 29 when the principal entered and asked anyone of Jewish origin to step out. The information that the Germans were preparing to deport all the Jews in Denmark to concentration camps had been leaked. Herbert, two friends, and the teacher were told about the deportations and sent home. His father had been warned at work and had the family was packed and ready to go when Herbert arrived home. They hid in the home of a business acquaintance and on the night of October 3 left Denmark on a fishing boat; from the time the boat left Denmark until they were safe in neutral Swedish waters was 37 minutes.
    In 1945, Herbert volunteered with the Danish Brigade in Sweden He returned to Denmark after Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. After graduating high school in 1947, he left for Palestine in the spring of 1948 and fought in the Arab-Israeli War in 1948-1949. He then returned to Denmark for a few years, married Susie Ginzborg, emigrated to Israel in 1954, and had 3 children. His father died in 1963 at 65 years old, and his mother in 1995, at 92. His oldest son was a soldier killed in the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

    Physical Details

    Physical Description
    Black and white gelatin silver photographic print, portrait orientation, medium shot, shot in direct light, depicting an older, full figured white woman with short white hair and glasses, standing in front of a wall. Her body is angled to the right and she is smiling at the camera. She has dark eyebrows, lines around her nose, and a dimpled chin. She is wearing a dark coat over a dark shirt. Four large unframed artworks are hung on the walls and there are waist high cabinets nearby. The print is attached to a top hinged mat board with photo corners on the backboard. Pencil stop lines and markings are on the reverse of the window mat.
    overall: Height: 13.500 inches (34.29 cm) | Width: 17.000 inches (43.18 cm)
    pictorial area: Height: 6.380 inches (16.205 cm) | Width: 9.380 inches (23.825 cm)
    overall : mat board, gelatin silver print, pressure-sensitive tape, plastic, adhesive, graphite
    window mat, reverse, bottom, pencil : XX

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Donor retains copyright for this collection.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The photograph was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Judith Ellis Glickman.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-29 07:54:13
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