Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Oral history interview with Alois Raffeiner

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.402.6 | RG Number: RG-50.654.0006

Alois Raffeiner, born in 1917 in Kartaus, Austria, describes living with his family in South Tyrol; choosing German citizenship during the referendum; joining the Wehrmacht in 1939 to become a mechanic; his experiences as a soldier in the Wehrmacht on the Eastern front; witnessing the mistreatment of Jewish forced laborers; his time in Minsk, Belarus; conditions in the ghetto; learning of mass murders of Jews, including small children, by the SS; his understanding that the war with the Soviets was necessary, but his sense that Germany had lost its humanity in regard to persecution of Jews; his difficulty coping with the murder of Jews; encountering thousands of Soviet prisoners of war; his retreat from Minsk; the execution of Soviet soldiers and partisans; and his imprisonment in a Soviet prisoner of war camp.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Alois Raffeiner
interview:  2009 December 07
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:48:39
This page: