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Oral history interview with Alois Raffeiner

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.402.10 | RG Number: RG-50.654.0010

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Alois Raffeiner, born in 1917 in Kartaus in Austria, describes his family’s attainment of German citizenship when living in South Tyrol in 1939; joining the Wehrmacht and being stationed on the Eastern front in 1941; his awareness of the disappearing Jewish community in Minsk; the Jewish ghetto in Minsk to which he had regular access; trading food to Jewish mechanics to fix his car; the massacre of the Jews of Minsk; using alcohol to cope with inhumane conditions; taking photographs of many events of the war for the purposes of Nazi propaganda; how many in South Tyrol saw German forces as liberators; his memory of propaganda that the Jews were enemies; being told to kill Russian prisoners of war without bullets; the terrible treatment of Russian prisoners of war; the mass burial of German soldiers after the battle for Moscow; retreating from Minsk; an execution of partisans in Maloarchangelsk village in Russia; and his imprisonment by the Russians.

Interviewee
Alois Raffeiner
Interviewer
Gerald Steinacher
Date
2011 April 10  (interview)
Language
German
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:42:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn45408