Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Oral history interview with Sigmund Schwarzer

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.1261 | RG Number: RG-50.477.1261

Sigmund Schwarzer, born January 19, 1923 in Stanislaw, Poland, discusses his childhood; his education in Polish schools; the antisemitism he experienced there; the German invasion of Poland; his family's decision to flee to the east to Soviet territory; living in hiding; his parents' arrest after they were discovered by the Germans; being deported to a ghetto in 1941; his experiences in a labor camp in the Carpathian Mountains; his transfer to Auschwitz-Birkenau in November 1942; his experiences in the camp; the forced labor he performed; being beaten; his recovery in the infirmary; a selection performed by Josef Mengele while he was in the infirmary; his transfer to Sachsenhausen in October 1944; his subsequent transfer to Landsberg a week later; the work he performed cleaning and sorting clothing; suffering from typhus beginning in January 1945; the help he received from a doctor in the camp as well as from a woman who worked in the kitchens and sent him food; the evacuation from the camp in mid-April 1945 and how this differed from a death march; and being liberated by the United States Army on May 1, 1945.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Sigmund Schwarzer
interview:  1986 June 01
2 sound cassettes (90 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-07-08 14:55:24
This page: