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Publication | Accession Number: 2012.71.2.11

Print reproduction of a drawing created by Henry Gayot, a prisoner in Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp, depicting a guard with a paper standing in the barracks in front of the bunks crowded with prisoners; a group stand in rows in the center. Gayot, a member of the resistance in German occupied France, was arrested by the Germans and sent to Natzweiler-Struthof in 1943. The main camp was evacuated in September 1944 because of the advance of Allied Forces. The prisoner were sent to concentration camps in Germany. Gayot was sent to Dachau and liberated during a forced march or by US troops in April 1945. The portfolio of prints was acquired by Manfred Hillmann, who had been a prisoner at Natzweiler-Struthof from March 12-December 1942. Manfred, age 17, was deported from Chemnitz, Germany, with his father Hermann to Poland in October 1938. Manfred was permitted in June 1939 to return to Chemnitz to sell the family possessions while his mother Klara, and brother Max, 12, and Rolf, 9, prepared to leave for Poland. Around the time his family departed, Manfred was arrested by the Gestapo. After Germany invaded Poland in September 1, he was transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp. His family kept in contact with him until the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. Manfred was sent to Natzwiller in March 1942, before the camp opened, probably as slave labor for its construction. At the end of the year, he was sent to Auschwitz III (Monowitz). The complex was evacuated in January 1945, and Fred was marched to Gross Rosen, then transported to Buchenwald in February. He was liberated by the US 6th Armored Division. Fluent in English, German, and Polish, Fred was soon working for US occupation forces. He learned that his parents and brothers had been deported from Stanislavov to Belzec killing center in April 1942. An American soldier, Larry Koch, contacted Fred's uncle in the US and on May 11, 1946, Manfred left for New York.

Artwork Title
Series Title
Struthof Natzwiller
1943-1945  (depiction)
1946  (publication/distribution)
depiction : Struthof (Concentration camp); Natzwiller (France)
publication : Paris (France)
Object Type
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theodore A. Feintuch
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 12:06:28
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