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Booklet published as an underground fund raiser given to a Dutch Jewish resistance member

Publication | Accession Number: 2013.437.1

Bound booklet, "Kwatrijnen van Omar Khayyam" [Poetry of Omar Khayyam) that was printed in secret in 1944 in German occupied Holland as a cover and fund raiser for resistance activities. It was based on the English text and the translator used the pseudonym, Ponticus. It was given to Andries Roos, who was a forger of ID and ration cards for the Dutch resistance. On May 10, 1940, Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands where Andries lived with his wife, Rozet, 2 year old son, Leo, and brother, sister-in-law, and niece, Abraham, Rachel, and Leni Roos. In summer 1940, Andries and Rozet went into hiding and Leo and Leni, an infant, were sent to a children’s home. Leo was caught in an SS raid, but Andries, a forger for the Dutch resistance, arranged his rescue. Leo and his parents lived in hiding in Amsterdam until 1943, when they moved to Ede, then in early 1944, Heelsum. In September, they were caught between American and German troops during Operation Market Garden. The family was briefly detained by the SS, and then left for Wageningen. The Germans raided their hiding place and Andries was caught with his forging equipment. Andries, 42, was executed on November 9, 1944. Leo and Rozet were hidden on a farm in Lunteren, where they were liberated in May 1945. They returned to Amsterdam in late 1945 and learned that most of their family had been killed in the camps. Leni's parents had been killed and Rozet obtained custody of the girl from the family that rescued her. Rozet, Leo, and Leni emigrated to the United States in 1950.

Title
Kwatrijnen van Omar Khayyam
Rubaiyat. Dutch
Date
1944  (publication/distribution)
1944  (received)
Geography
publication : Utrecht (Netherlands)
Language
Dutch
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Leo Roos
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Record last modified: 2018-02-06 14:19:50
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49152