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Tallit and storage pouch buried and recovered by a Dutch Jewish family

Object | Accession Number: 2013.437.2 a-b

Striped tallit and storage bag recovered by Leo Roos after the war. The tallit was a family heirloom that had belonged to Abraham Agsteribbe, Leo’s maternal great grandfather, who died in 1911. The tallit, a prayer shawl worn by observant Jewish men during morning services, had been buried by a relative underneath the Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam in 1940, before the outbreak of war. On May 10, 1940, Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands where Andries lived with his wife, Rozet, 2 year old son, Leo, and brother, sister-in-law, and niece, Abraham, Rachel, and Leni Roos. In summer 1940, Andries and Rozet went into hiding and Leo and Leni, an infant, were sent to a children’s home. Leo was caught in an SS raid, but Andries, a forger for the Dutch resistance, arranged his rescue. Leo and his parents lived in hiding in Amsterdam until 1943, when they moved to Ede, then in early 1944, Heelsum. In September, they were caught between American and German troops during Operation Market Garden. The family was briefly detained by the SS, and then left for Wageningen. The Germans raided their hiding place and Andries was caught with his forging equipment. Andries, 42, was executed on November 9, 1944. Leo and Rozet were hidden on a farm in Lunteren, where they were liberated in May 1945. They returned to Amsterdam in late 1945 and learned that most of their family had been killed in the camps. Leni's parents had been killed and Rozet obtained custody of the girl from the family that rescued her. Rozet, Leo, and Leni emigrated to the United States in 1950.

Date
after 1945 May  (recovered)
after 1855-before 1911  (use)
Geography
use : Amsterdam (Netherlands)
recovery : Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Classification
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Leo Roos
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:05
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn84505