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Oral history interview with Marianna Birnbaum

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.345.2 | RG Number: RG-50.005.0002

Mariana, born in Budapest, Hungary in 1934, describes feeling that her experience during the Holocaust has affected her whole life; her parents; attending a Jewish school; life changing in 1944; losing her Gentile governess; a family story regarding the Russian massacre of Armenians; her father and uncle hiding separately from her and her mother; returning to their house; what it felt like to wear the Jewish Star; her family refusing to live in the ghetto; her father and uncle hiding in a German building but being betrayed; her father escaping from a camp; her mother being taken but saved by a Hungarian Nazi; being alone in hiding for a time during the war; obtaining false papers later when she was reunited with her mother; one of their hiding places, which was a small space in her uncle's building; her escape from the massacre of Jews at the Danube during the time when she was in hiding alone; how she’s been affected by her Holocaust experience; her view of Hungarians; and Hungarian Jewry.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Birnbaum, Marianna
interview:  1983 April 30
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the University of California, Los Angeles
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:09:28
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