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Oral history interview with Leon Kushynski

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1989.345.34 | RG Number: RG-50.005.0034

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    Oral history interview with Leon Kushynski


    Interview Summary
    Leon Kushynski, born in Sulmierzyce, Poland, describes his life growing up in Poland and receiving a good public and private education until he was 14 or 15; going to work in the leather business belonging to his uncle in Chanclerhoff (Częstochowa), Poland; the increasing antisemitism before the war; the intolerable conditions when the Germans came; the shooting of people in the plaza during “Bloody Monday”; how young men were sent to labor camps; the Judenrat (Jewish council); his home becoming part of the Jewish ghetto; being sent to a camp in Ukraine and running away several weeks later with several people; getting back to Chanclerhoff and living in the ghetto; deportations from the ghetto; his work in several different factories; how the Germans recruited "new Germans" from groups of Lithuanians and Latvians to help them; joining an underground group and digging a tunnel; surviving much of the war because of his skill in leather working; bribing a German to help him during the war; and starting a leather goods business after moving to the United States.
    Leon Kushynski
    interview:  1983 October 15
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the University of California, Los Angeles

    Physical Details

    1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
    1 sound recording : WAV.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Kushynski, Leon.

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History branch produced these interviews in cooperation with the University of California, Los Angeles. Both institutions house copies of the interviews.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 07:57:41
    This page:

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