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Oral history interview with Leon Kushynski

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.345.34 | RG Number: RG-50.005.0034

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Leon Kushynski, born in Sulmierzyce, Poland, describes his life growing up in Poland and receiving a good public and private education until he was 14 or 15; going to work in the leather business belonging to his uncle in Chanclerhoff (Częstochowa), Poland; the increasing antisemitism before the war; the intolerable conditions when the Germans came; the shooting of people in the plaza during “Bloody Monday”; how young men were sent to labor camps; the Judenrat (Jewish council); his home becoming part of the Jewish ghetto; being sent to a camp in Ukraine and running away several weeks later with several people; getting back to Chanclerhoff and living in the ghetto; deportations from the ghetto; his work in several different factories; how the Germans recruited "new Germans" from groups of Lithuanians and Latvians to help them; joining an underground group and digging a tunnel; surviving much of the war because of his skill in leather working; bribing a German to help him during the war; and starting a leather goods business after moving to the United States.

Interviewee
Leon Kushynski
Date
1983 October 15  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
1 sound recording : WAV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the University of California, Los Angeles