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Oral history interview with Jay Markoff

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.345.41 | RG Number: RG-50.005.0041

Jay Markoff discusses his life growing up in Bialystok, Poland and witnessing the September 1939 German occupation of Poland; the arrival of the Russian “liberation” and occupation forces; going to school but living in tough conditions under the Russian occupation; how the Russians sent many people to Siberia and shut down businesses; the return of the Germans in June of 1941; the round-up of 2,000 Jewish men into a temple that was then burned down; his experiences during ghetto round-ups and escaping them; the German “Action” and how approximately 10,000 people were killed; joining the Jewish partisan forces in 1941 and creating schemes to destroy German railcars; various experiences during the war like keeping his hair long, so people would not suspect him of being a Russian soldier and working as a photographer for the SS photography department; spending two and a half months, from August 17 to November 3, 1943 hiding in the attic of a building; eventually joining the Russian Army and becoming a Russian artillery commander; returning to Poland where he found his old mother and sister in Bavaria; and getting his exit visa in December 1946.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Markoff, Jay
interview:  1984 June 18
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
1 sound recording : WAV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the University of California, Los Angeles
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:06:46
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