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Oral history interview with Joseph Engel

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1263.8 | RG Number: RG-50.166.0008

Joseph Engel, born in Zakroczym, Poland on October 9, 1927, discusses being one of nine children; growing up poor; attending public school; the antisemitism in Poland; Jewish life in Zakroczym; the beginning of the war in 1939 and the destruction of his town; his family’s move to Warsaw for a few months then to Plonsk; living in the ghetto in a synagogue with other families; his brothers having to do forced labor; the lack of education, resistance, and organization in the ghetto; the deportation of all the people in the ghetto in 1942; going in open cattle cars to Birkenau; arriving in the camp and being sent to Buna (Monowitz); life in the camp; being evacuated in January 1945 and jumping from the train; joining the partisans in Poland for two months and his work with them; being imprisoned by the Russians for 24 hours; avoiding Polish services by going to a displaced persons camp in Frankfurt am Main, Germany in July 1945; finding his sister, who survived Bergen-Belsen, and two of his brothers; going to the United States; settling in Charleston, SC; how life was lonely and he worked as a peddler; going to New York, NY; returning to Charleston and starting a cleaning business; and his gratitude for the freedom in the US.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Engel, Joseph
Downey, Tom
interview:  1991 September 26
1 videotape reel (1" Type C) : sound, color ; 1 in..
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:12:28
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