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Oral history interview with Pincus Kolender

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1263.21 | RG Number: RG-50.166.0021

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Pincus Kolender, born in 1926 in Bochnia, Poland, discusses his childhood and education; the Jewish community and antisemitism in Bochnia; the beginning of the war; being confined to the ghetto in Bochnia and life there; enduring forced labor in 1940-1941; the establishment of the Judenrat (Jewish council) in 1940; the deportations from the ghetto in 1942; witnessing his mother being shot in the ghetto; being sent with his brother to Auschwitz on September 1, 1942; the journey to the camp, arriving in the camp, and the selections; going to Birkenau then Buna (Monowitz); the Kapos and life in the camp; the freezing conditions and how inmates behaved in the camp; the revolt in the Birkenau crematorium; being taken on a 10 day train ride to Nordhausen; going soon after to Dora; being evacuated in April 1945 and jumping off the train while they headed toward Czechoslovakia; receiving help from a farmer; being liberated by American troops in May 1945; living in a small town in Germany from 1945 to 1950; going to the United States and settling in in Charleston, SC; being drafted into the US Army in December 1950 and being sent to Germany; getting married after he was out of the army; his family in the US; and visiting Germany with his family.

Interviewee
Pincus Kolender
Date
1991 September 26  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videotape reel (1" Type C) : sound, color ; 1 in..