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Oral history interview with Trude Heller

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1263.16 | RG Number: RG-50.166.0016

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Trude Heller, born in Vienna, Austria in 1922, discusses her childhood in the 2nd district of Vienna; her parents’ stores; antisemitism in Vienna; the German takeover and the burning of the synagogues; her mother’s reluctance to leave Austria; having to leave school; being kicked out of their home; her father’s arrest in November 1938; going into hiding; Kristallnacht in November 1938; being forced to clean streets with her mother after Kristallnacht; her father’s escape to Antwerp, Belgium; going with her mother to Cologne, Germany then Antwerp; the networking process for escape guides; reuniting with her father; getting visas to Chile, which were later cancelled; going to the United States with her mother while her father was left behind because of he was on the Polish quota; the difficult trip to the US; arriving in New York, NY; getting a job immediately; her father’s escape to France; the relatives she lost; meeting her future husband in Vienna before the war; getting married and moving to Greenville, SC; visiting Vienna later in life; her life in Greenville after the war; and the lessons she tried to teach her children.

Interviewee
Trude Heller
Date
1991 September 19  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videotape reel (1" Type C) : sound, color ; 1 in..