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Oral history interview with Eugenia Grudzinska

Oral History | Accession Number: 1991.A.0113.6 | RG Number: RG-50.059.0006

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Eugenia Grudzinska (née Yevkieyev), born in Riga, Latvia on December 23, 1912, describes her Polish mother and her father, who was an officer in the Russian Army; getting married in 1937 to a Polish officer, Adam Wisniewski, who was killed in Katyn; her husband being arrested when the Russians entered the country; living Kleck, Poland (Kletsk, Belarus), where the population was split evenly between Tartars and Jews; being helped by Tartars to escape; going to Zambrow, Poland, where she had been raised; going to Ostrow Mazowiecka then Warsaw, Poland; joining a division of the ZWZ (Zwiazek Walki Zbrojnej; Union of Armed Struggle) in 1941; being a courier; her rendezvous points; her apartment being search by Germans in January 1942; betrayal in the organization; being deported to Ravensbruck on May 30, 1942; being in Ravensbruck until November 1943; her work details; being sent to a factory for airplane parts (Neubrandenburg concentration camp); the demographics of the camps; the evacuation of the camp and being abandoned by the guards as they neared the Soviet front; walking to Poland with 14 others; spending five months in Pawiak Prison before she was sent to Ravensbruck; and more details about working with the underground in Warsaw.

Interviewee
Eugenia Grudzinska
Interviewer
Bozenna M. Urbanowicz-Gilbride
Date
1991 June 13  (interview)
Language
Polish
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:40:25
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn506585