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Oral history interview with Eugenia Grudzinska

Oral History | Accession Number: 1991.A.0113.6 | RG Number: RG-50.059.0006

Eugenia Grudzinska (née Yevkieyev), born in Riga, Latvia on December 23, 1912, describes her Polish mother and her father, who was an officer in the Russian Army; getting married in 1937 to a Polish officer, Adam Wisniewski, who was killed in Katyn; her husband being arrested when the Russians entered the country; living Kleck, Poland (Kletsk, Belarus), where the population was split evenly between Tartars and Jews; being helped by Tartars to escape; going to Zambrow, Poland, where she had been raised; going to Ostrow Mazowiecka then Warsaw, Poland; joining a division of the ZWZ (Zwiazek Walki Zbrojnej; Union of Armed Struggle) in 1941; being a courier; her rendezvous points; her apartment being search by Germans in January 1942; betrayal in the organization; being deported to Ravensbrück on May 30, 1942; being in Ravensbrück until November 1943; her work details; being sent to a factory for airplane parts (Neubrandenburg concentration camp); the demographics of the camps; the evacuation of the camp and being abandoned by the guards as they neared the Soviet front; walking to Poland with 14 others; spending five months in Pawiak Prison before she was sent to Ravensbrück; and more details about working with the underground in Warsaw.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Eugenia Grudzinska
Bozenna M. Urbanowicz-Gilbride
interview:  1991 June 13
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2022-05-06 11:53:30
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