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Oral history interview with Anastazja Mazur Brodziak

Oral History | Accession Number: 1991.A.0113.2 | RG Number: RG-50.059.0002

Anastazja Brodziak, born in Armenia on December 28, 1915, describes her parents; her family returning to Poland when she was four years old; her Catholic, blue collar family; moving from place to place through the country and eventually they settled down in Volhynia, Ukraine; her father working as a farm laborer; the large Jewish population in Volhynia and never noticing antisemitism in her family or amongst her school friends; her family moving to Warsaw, Poland in 1929; attending a high school where most of the students were Jewish; the harmony between the Jews and Christians; graduating in 1935 from teachers' seminary; working in the Polish White Cross for educational programs with soldiers beginning in 1936; teaching illiterate soldiers basic academic skills; teaching the 21st Infantry Regiment at the Warsaw Citadel; enrolling in an education curriculum at the Free University in Warsaw; marrying a student of the School of Foreign Affairs in April 1939; her husband working at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs then the post office; she and her husband working with the Polish resistance; hiding a Jew named Julian Kulko, who was a refugee from L'viv, Ukraine; moving him to her mother’s home, where he lived until the Warsaw Uprising in 1944; the death of her father and one of her sisters in a train accident in June 1942; moving with her husband to the part of Warsaw called Goclawek; taking in and hiding a couple for a few months; hiding two other Jews for few days as they waited for documents; the Gestapo searching their house and not finding the Jews because they already moved to another hiding place; her experience during the interrogation and being in shock after; giving shelter to a Jewish friend, named Najkruk (false name Michal Jaworski), and his wife and son (Jerzy); staying friends with the Jewish families they helped; taking part in the Warsaw Uprising in 1944; her husband and one of her brothers being killed in the fights in Old City; being sent to a prisoner-of-war camp with her detachment; her job as a courier of the underground army; reporting to Miss Halina Guc, who lived at Miedziana Street in Warsaw, picking up passport photos and personal information about individuals who needed false documents; delivering these documents to another member of the underground at Mala Street; the arrest of Miss Guc in June 1944; avoiding Germans on street cars when she was delivering false documents; being sent to the POW camps in Bergen-Belsen and Oberlangen; being liberated on April 12, 1945 by the 2nd Armored Regiment under General Maczek; being assigned to General Maczek's regiment as an education officer; the roundups and the ghetto in Warsaw; not seeing antisemitism after the war; her numerous Jewish friends; Zofia Jaworska nominating her and her deceased husband as Righteous Gentiles from Yad Vashem in 1984; and going to Jerusalem to plant an olive tree in Yad Vashem in 1986.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Brodziak, Anastazja Mazur
Urbanowicz-Gilbride, Bozenna M.
interview:  1991 June 13
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2022-06-16 09:50:11
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