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Oral history interview with Jacques Marburger

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1281.8 | RG Number: RG-50.146.0008

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jacques Marburger, born June 18, 1924, discusses life after the war began; living in Paris, France in the 16th arrondissement at La Muette; his Swiss mother and his German father; his brothers and sisters; his family deciding in June 1940 to go to the Zone Libre; staying in the Tarn for three months and working on a farm; living in Toulouse, France, where he returned to school until 1942; moving to Nice, France; re-joining the Éclaireurs Israelites de France; being in contact with Ben-Veniste of the Sixième in June 1942; Jewish social group meetings at the Boulevard Dubouchage synagogue; receiving instruction on forging identity and ration papers; the relocation of Jews and the network of hiding places; the increase in the number of resistance fighters; increasing the cooperation with clandestine group of the Young Zionists (MJS) led by Jacques Weintrob and his wife; the dispatch of Roger Appel to help the Sixième expand rescue operations in Nice; the rental of a studio at rue Guiglia quartier des Musiciens to ramp up forgery operations; the forgery system and the selection of the best candidates for forged documents to ration scarce stamps; the Gestapo discovering the forgery operation on September 22, 1943; being detained with Weintrob at the Hôtel Hermitage; being interrogated, beaten, and hiding their forged documents in sofa when they were briefly left alone; being released because his identity documents were legitimately produced by a cooperating municipality; hiding with a Jewish family named Shestere then a Catholic family; escaping from Nice to Toulouse, where the resistance hid him; being transferred by the MJS to the Swiss border to help Jews escape via Annecy and Annemasse; his parents getting to Switzerland; being relocated to Paris working with Tony Gryn; going to Lyon and Grenoble to expand the forged-document operations; his brief nom de guerre, François Jannat; returning to Paris to join Maurice Cachoud (Maurice Loebenberg) in the centralization of the forgery operations of the National Liberation Movement; and producing many thousands of identity cards, ration cards, and birth certificates for distribution across France.

Interviewee
Jacques Marburger
Date
1993 December 15  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:41:15
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507941