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Oral history interview with Charles Palant

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1281.17 | RG Number: RG-50.146.0017

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Charles Palant, born 1922 in Belleville quartier of Paris, France, describes seeing the newspaper headline "War" in September 1939; experiencing antisemitism during his childhood; living in poverty; the influx of German refugees in France; his work in a leather shop; adhering to socialist goals; distributing leaflets for union workers; the first Vichy anti-Jewish laws in October 1940; the arrival of green sheets requiring Jews to register at police stations; a 3rd Arrondissement policeman who told him of his imminent arrest; escaping to Lyon, France; joining Solidarité (a part of the Main d'oeuvre immigrée or MOI); his August 1943 arrest by the Gestapo in Lyon; questioning at Ecole Militaire de Santé in Lyon; his transfer to Fort Monluc with other Jewish prisoners, including Max Heilbronn; being transferred to Drancy; conditions in Drancy; his deportation via an October 1944 convoy from Bobigny, France; how Marcel Stourdze saved him in Auschwitz III (Monowitz ) by pulling him out of line for a work detail in a rubber factory; the January 1945 evacuation by the Gestapo and forced march of 12,000 prisoners; arriving in Buchenwald with 2,500 prisoners; life in Buchenwald; Marcel Paul, leader of the April 1945 insurrection; being liberated from Buchenwald in April 1945; the repatriation of French prisoners; his return to Paris; and his lifelong work against antisemitism.

Interviewee
Charles Palant
Date
1994 June 27  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:44:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507950