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Oral history interview with Frania Haverland

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1281.19 | RG Number: RG-50.146.0019

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Frania Haverland, born in 1926 in Staszow, Poland, describes her life in Staszow under the Nazi occupation, beginning September 7, 1939; her father’s initial arrest because the Nazi Party needed musicians and he was an orchestra conductor; the rising harassment of Jews; her mother’s weakened state of health; the assassinations of members of her family in their homes nearby; the registration of Jews at the town hall; constant deportations; the ghettoization of her town; her parents’ arrest; her deportation with her older brother to Plaszow by cattle car; the conditions in the camp; treatment by Ukrainian guards; her utter despair; her work in a factory making soldiers’ uniforms; her debilitated health; her memory of Max Zimmermann, a Jewish policeman in the camp who was executed in Krakow in 1946; resisters who provided her with medications and a little food; the evacuation of Plaszow and deportation to Auschwitz in the summer of 1944; the harsh conditions in Auschwitz; being transferred to Birkenau; her work repairing old clothes from those who had perished to ship back to Germany; being transferred to Flossenbürg in October 1944, where she worked in an armaments factory; her constant hospitalizations and growing desperation; being transferred by cattle car to Theresienstadt; being liberated by Russian soldiers on May 8, 1945; her decision to leave the camp; walking to Prague, Czech Republic; her medical care extended by the Red Cross; and being transferred to Paris, France in 1945.

Interviewee
Ms. Frania Haverland
Date
1994 March 21  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:45:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507952