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Oral history interview with Fred Baron

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0126.5 | RG Number: RG-50.156.0005

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Fred Baron, born in Vienna, Austria, describes being 15 years old when the Germans marched into Vienna; his life before the war and his family’s religious practices; his education; experiencing overt and subtle antisemitism; being imprisoned temporarily on Kristallnacht; his father’s death in 1939; his sister getting on a transport to England; wearing the yellow star and the restrictions placed on Jews; going to Hungary, where he was considered a legal resident; his mother being placed in a camp in Budapest; being deported with local Jews to Auschwitz in June 1944; the selection; being sent to Dörnhau (now Kolce, Poland), where there was a subcamp of Gross-Rosen (Riese camp); building roads; a Jewish Kapo who gave him advice on surviving the camp; suicides in Auschwitz; the abuse of prisoners; working with Germans while he was in Gross-Rosen; being marched to Czechoslovakia then taken by train through Germany; being taken to Bergen-Belsen; being sent to Stettin (Szczecin, Poland) to build fortifications against the Russians at one point (possibly Pölitz concentration camp); being liberated by the British from Bergen-Belsen; being taken to Sweden to recover; staying in Stockholm until 1947; deciding to go to the United States; receiving help from HIAS and going to Minneapolis, MN; his sister living in Israel; and his thoughts on why he survived.

Interviewee
Fred Baron
Date
1984 January 13  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (90 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:40:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510656