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Oral history interview with Robert Fisch

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0126.13 | RG Number: RG-50.156.0013

Robert O. Fisch, M.D. (né Moshe Bear ben Shlomo Fisch), born on June 12, 1925 in Budapest, Hungary, discusses his Polish father, Zoltan; his mother Irene Mannheim; his grandfather, who was a poultry wholesaler and the builder/founder of a synagogue; being raised observant, but not keeping kosher; his Jewish and non-Jewish friends; his nanny, Anna, who was an important person in his life and his mother during the war; his brother who studied in Switzerland during the war; the German takeover of Hungary in early 1944; having to wear a yellow star and knowing that Jews from the countryside were being deported; being sent to a work camp on June 5, 1944; his parents and other Jews being put in a ghetto in Budapest; being taken to another camp in January 1945 on the Austrian border, where he dug ditches until a typhoid epidemic struck; the shooting of 20 people who had been in the camp’s hospital; being forced to march to Graz with other inmates, some of whom were shot along the way; going to Mauthausen, where he lived in a tent; being moved to Gunskirchen; staying in overcrowded barracks, where many died of suffocation; standing in formation six hours a day; being liberated by the US Army in early May 1945; being taken to a US Army hospital; returning to Budapest and reuniting with his mother; his father’s death during the war; attending medical school in Communist Hungary; the immigration of his mother and brother to Israel; leaving Hungary after the 1956 Revolution; going to New York, NY with the help of HIAS in Austria; and settling in Minneapolis, MN.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Robert Fisch
Interviewer
Rhoda G. Lewin
Date
interview:  1986 February 15
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (90 min.).
 
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:34:14
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510667