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Oral history interview with Alice Adler

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0127.1 | RG Number: RG-50.154.0001

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Alice Adler, born in 1910 in Budapest, Hungary, describes her experience as a Jew who was caught by the Germans, sent to Auschwitz and survived; her parents who were both born in Austria; her father, who died when she was 18 years old; her two brothers; her family’s prestigious and profitable women’s clothing design business; being educated in Budapest and Vienna; the antisemitism in Hungary and experiencing antisemitism first-hand; the German annexation of Austria in 1938; getting married in 1935; the conscription of her husband into the German army and the forced labor he conducted at the border; her husband’s return and death soon after; the immigration of two of her bothers and her mother to the United States in 1939; planning to immigrating to the US but being thwarted by the start of the war in September 1939; remaining in Budapest, operating and eventually selling the family business; being arrested on March 18, 1944 and sent to Auschwitz two days later with thousands of others; being selected for forced labor, and sent to an aviation parts factory in Sudetenland, where she remained until March 14, 1945; being put on a train with other prisoners and escaping from a small window; returning to the camp and being picked by some French prisoners of war; eventually being delivered to the American Forces; going to Paris, France and working for a year with the United Nations and the American Consulate to obtain papers; arriving in New York, NY in March 1946; being sterilized in the camp; getting married to an attorney, who was sent to Japan to represent Japanese war criminals as defense counsel; her husband’s practice in New York; and eventually moving to Sarasota, FL.

Interviewee
Alice D. Adler
Date
1986 April 11  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette (90 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-11-07 13:54:07
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510721