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Oral history interview with Oscar Baron

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0127.4 | RG Number: RG-50.154.0004

Oscar Baron, born in 1903, in Prague, Czech Republic (then Czechoslovakia), describes his mother, who died when Oscar was very young; his father, who was an engineer; attending public school in Prague; going in 1920 to Hamburg, Germany, where he studied fermentation at the university; remaining in Hamburg until 1932; the rise of antisemitism in Czechoslovakia; the restrictions placed on Jews in Prague in 1939; returning to Prague and working at a chemical factory; deciding to become a teacher; getting married in 1941; the deportation of the Jews in Prague in 1941; being sent to Łódź, Poland; conditions in the Łódź ghetto and doing forced labor; being sent to Auschwitz in March 1944; living in barracks; working on various jobs; being separated from his wife (she died in Bergen-Belsen); spending six weeks in Auschwitz before being sent to camp Lidalow and then Dachau; working at a Messerschmitt airplane plant while in Dachau; being sent to camp Riderlo; contracting typhus from lice; being liberated by American troops; being in a hospital for seven weeks in Munich; returning to Prague; meeting his second wife, Lilly; going to London, England in 1948 and living there for three years; and immigrating to Canada.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Oscar Baron
interview:  1986 March 28
1 sound cassette (90 min.).