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Oral history interview with Eva Anderman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0127.2 | RG Number: RG-50.154.0002

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Eva Anderman, born in 1911 in Krakow, Poland, describes her experience of surviving captivity by Germans during WWII; her family which was comprised of her parents and two younger brothers; her father’s dry-goods store; her father’s death from a stroke; her mother’s death in a concentration camp; getting married to a dentist in 1931; the antisemitism intensifying in Poland in 1939; her 4-year-old daughter, Felicia, who was very fragile; the family decision that her husband would go towards Lemberg (L’viv, Ukraine) and his death from typhoid later on; having to live in the ghetto in a single room with five adults; living in the ghetto for two years; working as a corsetry maker; the liquidation of the ghetto and relocation of Jews to Płaszów concentration camp; receiving help from the Jewish policemen and escaping the roundup; taking her daughter to live with a Polish woman (her daughter stayed with the woman until 1945); being captured and thrown to jail for a short time; being marched to an open pit with 250 people and going through selection process; being amongst 60 people selected to work and the massacre of the remaining people; working as a machine operator in a factory that repaired army uniforms; her brothers and mother ended up there too; her brothers’ work as watchmakers and her mother working as a maid to a German commander; remaining there until 1944; being sick in 1944 from an open wound on her leg and receiving help from a Jewish doctor; befriending two young women and staying with them until liberation; being separated from her mother and brothers in 1944; being sent to Auschwitz and then a camp near Dresden; working in a small factory making parts for weaponry; being transported by train to Theresienstadt; being liberated by the Russians; the typhoid epidemic; returning to Krakow and reuniting with her daughter; learning of the deaths of her husband and mother; the survival of her two brothers, who were living in a small village near Hamburg, Germany; staying with her brothers for some time; her family’s move to Stuttgart then Bremerhaven, from where they all sailed to New York in 1946; moving to Detroit, MI; and getting married to Mr. Anderman.

Interviewee
Ms. Eva Anderman
Date
1986 March 24  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette (90 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-11-07 13:54:07
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510723