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Oral history interview with Gloria Lyon

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.423 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0423

The interviews describe Ms. Lyon's childhood in Nagy-Bereg, Czechoslovakia (now Ukraine), the annexation by Hungary of the area where she lived in 1938, the onset of antisemitic laws, and by 1944, being forced to wear a yellow star and sit in back of the classroom. Ms. Lyon describes the deportation of all Jews in her village to Auschwitz, the selection process, and her experiences in Birkenau where she worked with her mother, younger sister, aunt and cousins. She describes being selected for the gas chambers and her escape from this fate. Ms. Lyon discusses her transfer to Bergen-Belsen, digging mass graves, being sent to Braunschweig, Bendorf, Hamburg and Hannover to perform various kinds of labor, and her experiences in Ravensbrück concentration camp. She describes her liberation by the Swedish Red Cross in the White Buses Rescue operation headed by Count Bernadotte. Ms. Lyon discusses living in Sweden, where she recuperated, emigrating to the United States in 1947 to live with her aunt, and her marriage and family life. She discusses her work speaking to school groups about her experiences during the Holocaust, a documentary about her, and her autobiography.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Gloria H. Lyon
interview:  1993 November 17
3 videocassettes (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:51:28
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