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Oral history interview with Rivka Liebeskind

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.A.0051.1 | RG Number: RG-50.308.0001

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    Oral history interview with Rivka Liebeskind


    Interview Summary
    Rivka Liebeskind Kuper (née Shpiner), born in Rzeszów, Poland, describes growing up in Krakow, Poland in a traditional and Zionist family; being active in the Hanoar Hatzioni movement; finishing high school and going to work for the Akiva movement in Warsaw, Poland; meeting her future husband, Aharon Liebeskind, as well as Shimshon Drenger and Tzvi Yaffe; being sent to Bydgoszcz, Poland to open a branch office for the movement; being in Krakow when the Germans invaded Poland; her experiences during the invasion; the creation of a ghetto in 1940 and conditions there; organizing events in the ghetto; the underground activities of Shimshon Draenger and Gusta Dawidson Draenger (Justyna); the movement of Jews from Warsaw to the Krakow ghetto; the major deportations of Jews beginning in 1942; her brother saving their parents from expulsion; being informed by Manik Eisenshtadt about what happened to deported Jews; the Jewish resistance and militarization of the resistance movement and training with weapons on a farm in Kopaliny, Poland; the organization if the underground group, dividing up work details and organizing resistance in other ghettos; being imprisoned in Montelupich Prison from November 1942 to January 1943; being transferred to Auschwitz in January 1943; Gusta Dawidson Draenger’s educational activities for the movement; receiving a heroism cross from Poland (“Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari”) in 1965 (she returned the cross when the Polish embassy after it cut off relations with Israel on the eve of the Six Days War); being part of the underground movement in Auschwitz; being sent Reichenbach (or possibly Reichenau); being sent to work in a Telefunken factory; being liberated and sent on the Bernadotte transport (a Red Cross transport headed by Count Folke Bernadotte) to Copenhagen, Denmark; and going by ferry to Sweden.
    Rivka Liebeskind
    Dr. Eli Pfefferkorn
    interview:  1987 October
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, United States Holocaust Memorial Council

    Physical Details

    9 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

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    Administrative Notes

    The interview with Rivka Liebeskind was conducted in October 1987 by Eli Pfefferkorn for the Krakow Underground Project. The project was coordinated by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council in Israel with Holocaust survivors who were members of the Krakow Underground.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:26:59
    This page:

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