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Oral history interview with Yehuda Friedman, Yosef Halperstein, and Marcel (Moshe) Eintracht

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.A.0051.13 | RG Number: RG-50.308.0013

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    Oral history interview with Yehuda Friedman, Yosef Halperstein, and Marcel (Moshe) Eintracht

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    Yehuda Friedman, Yosef Halperstein, and Marcel (Moshe) Eintracht describe their lives in the Krakow ghetto; working in a Gestapo car garage outside the ghetto; being sent to Montelupich prison; being relocated with other car mechanics to the women’s section of Montelupich; Marcel recognizing the girls from his group, Akiba, who were political prisoners; communicating with the women through hand signals; the women asking them to pass notes to the ghetto, telling their families that they were alive; hearing the women sing Akiba songs every night; the brutal treatment of the women during interrogations; hearing that the women tried to escape and seeing the dead bodies of Paula Krisher and Genia Melzer (according to other reports, Melzer survived); Yehuda’s involvement with the underground; the death of underground member Idek Tenenbaum and his family; Eintracht’s memories of Menek Shpiner being taken by the Germans (Menek was the brother of Vushka wife of Dolek Liebeskind); the fake Aryan documents Idek made for the underground; living with approximately 80 other people in Montelupich, including Kieza Burger who cleaned the chimneys and the heaters and found Gusta Dawidson-Draenger’s diary while cleaning one of the heaters; the publishing of Gusta’s diary (Justyna's Narrative); listening to the BBC on an illegal radio during the war; the Russian liberation of Krakow in January 1945; and Yehuda’s Kennkarte (ID) and learning the fates of his parents and sister after the war.
    Interviewee
    Yosef Halperstein
    Yehuda Friedman
    Interviewer
    Dr. Eli Pfefferkorn
    Yosef Halperstein
    Date
    interview:  1987 October 09
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, United States Holocaust Memorial Council

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Extent
    4 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The interview with Yehuda Friedman, Yosef Halperstein, and Marcel (Moshe) Eintracht was conducted on October 9, 1987 by Eli Pfefferkorn for the Krakow Underground Project. The project was coordinated by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council in Israel with Holocaust survivors who were members of the Krakow Underground.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:27:04
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn511867

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